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Differential Diagnosis of the Spine: Cranial, Cervical and Shoulder Region

Differential Diagnosis of the Spine: Cranial, Cervical and Shoulder Region

Differential Diagnosis of the Spine: Cranial, Cervical and Shoulder Region

This course includes
56:41 of Course Material (View)
Lifetime access after purchase
Certificate of completion
The instructors
This course was recorded in August 2022


The second course in the 'Differential Diagnosis of the Spine' series deals with the Cervical Spine and Cranial regions. Specific mandatory questions, red flags and specific charts on signs and symptoms of diseases and conditions in this region are presented.  

Headache classifications and a broad number of diseases of the upper quadrant are presented in detail along with their signs and symptoms. Evidence-based CPR's such as the Canadian C Spine Rule, CPR for Myelopathy and Radiculopathy, and specific screening tools are outlined. 

A discussion of how to screen for BPPV is also presented.


Video Introduction:


Course Outline:

  1. Cranial, Cervical, and Shoulder
    1. Introduction and Objectives
    2. Quick Review Signs and Symptom Charts
    3. Mandatory Questions for the Region
    4. Red and Yellow Flags

  2. Mandatory questions
    1. Diseases that relate or refer to the C spine and Shoulder complex
    2. Headache Classifications
    3. Arteriovenous malformations
    4. Neuralgias
    5. Bells Palsy and Ramsey Hunt Syndromes
    6. Meningitis and Encephalitis
    7. CVA
    8. Neoplasm
    9. Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme Disease
    10. Giant Cell Arteritis
    11. Retropharyngeal Abscess
    12. Osteomyelitis
    13. Cervical Myelopathy
    14. Syringiomyelia
    15. Rheumatoid Arthritis
    16. Ankylosing Spondylitis
    17. Acute Torticollis and adolescent issues

  3. Screening tools and Evidence
    1. Canadian Cervical Spine Rule
    2. Clinical Prediction Rule (CPR) for Cervical Radiculopathy
    3. Clinical Prediction Rule for Cervical Myelopathy
    4. Closed Cervical Fractures
    5. Vertebral Artery Testing
    6. BPPV Screening

  4. Summary


Learning Objectives:

The Student will be able to:

  1. Recognize and list four red flags for the cervical and shoulder girdle.
  2. Identify three medical conditions that may refer to the cervical spine but are non-musculoskeletal in origin and require a physician's intervention.
  3. Be able to name and describe two CPR for the Cervical Spine.
  4. List one dural test that is done for the nervous system in the Cervical region.


Please note: Differential Diagnosis of the Spine is a course series for healthcare professionals that includes:


When you click 'Buy Course' in the top left-hand corner (note: you must be signed into Embodia to see this button), you will be presented with two options: you can purchase this individual course or you can choose to purchase the entire series at a 35% discount.

The instructors
Debra Dent
BPT Dip Manip PT OCS (Emeritus) FCAMPT (Retired)

Debra Dent is a Physical Therapist with over 40 years of experience specializing in manual therapy of the spine. She is a graduate of the University of Manitoba, Canada where she received her Diploma of Physiotherapy in 1977 and her Bachelors of Physical Therapy in 1979. She was certified as a Part A manual Physical Therapist from the Canadian Physiotherapy Association in 1989 and received her Advanced Diploma of Manual and Manipulative Physiotherapy in 1994. United States APTA Orthopedic Certified Specialist (OCS) designation was completed in 1996 and recertified in 2006 and in 2016 she was recertified Emeritus.

Debra was a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Manual Therapists (FCAMPT) from 1994 until retiring in 2019. She was an instructor for the Canadian Physiotherapy Association since 1989 to 1994. She has been a guest clinical instructor at the University of South Florida from 2003-05, teaching the Spinal Manual Therapy Program for the MscPT undergraduate program and has taught a large number of manual therapy courses in the US and Canada. She has numerous online seminars related to Differential Diagnosis, Breathing Essentials and Foundation Form Function of the core that are available for Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists and Chiropractors.

She owns Cross Border Seminars and presently works as a consultant and contract PT in Clearwater, Florida.

Course Material included in this course
  • Introduction and Objective
  • Welcome
  • Intro and Objectives
  • Cervical Spine Specifics and Mandatory Questions
  • Cervical Spine Specifics and Mandatory Questions
  • Quiz
  • Feedback
  • Headaches
  • Headaches
  • Quiz
  • Feedback
  • Diseases of the Upper Quadrant
  • Diseases of the Upper Quadrant
  • Quiz
  • Feedback
  • Cervical Screening Tools
  • Cervical Screening Tools
  • Quiz
  • Feedback
  • Dizziness
  • Dizziness
  • Quiz
  • Feedback
  • What's Next
  • Continue learning with Debra Dent
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