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An Introduction to Migraines, the TMJ, Referred & Radicular Pain, and T4 Syndrome

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An Introduction to Migraines, the TMJ, Referred & Radicular Pain, and T4 Syndrome

An Introduction to Migraines, the TMJ, Referred & Radicular Pain, and T4 Syndrome

This course includes
1:11:01 of Course Material (View)
Lifetime access after purchase
Certificate of completion
This course was recorded in May 2020


This recorded webinar will include an hour with Dr. Stephen M. Shaffer regarding three new lectures he has available on Embodia Academy. The course will include a brief PowerPoint presentation as well as a recorded Question and Answer session with Dr. Shaffer. 



  1. Discuss an introduction to each of three new lectures posted by Dr. Stephen M. Shaffer.
  2. Present examples of referred pain patterns and radicular symptom distribution.
  3. Briefly review interesting variables associated with migraine headaches.
  4. Provide an introduction into the phenomenon known as T4 Syndrome, an interesting diagnosis with autonomic symptoms that can be managed in an orthopaedic outpatient setting. 



Physiotherapists, physiotherapist assistants, chiropractors, massage therapists, physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, patients, and anyone else interested.

The instructors
Stephen Shaffer

Dr. Shaffer is a bilingual (English-Spanish) clinical specialist, educator, and scientist with seventeen years of experience in the physiotherapy profession. After graduating with a master’s degree in physiotherapy he went on to complete residency, fellowship, and academic doctoral training in advanced orthopedics. Initially, he spent years traveling the United States as a traveling physiotherapist but currently works in private practice in Ontario, Canada. During his career he has specialized in the evaluation and management of spinal, extremity, jaw, and headache disorders. Additionally, his professional experience has involved extensive time managing chronic pain as well as both complex and rare cases. In clinical practice he places an emphasis on research-informed evaluation and management as well as manual therapy, clinical reasoning, and shared decision-making. Dr. Shaffer prides himself on making sound decisions on behalf of his patients and strives to ensure that they gain maximal benefit from their healthcare experiences.

In addition to clinical practice, Dr. Shaffer is a researcher with experience on topics related to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and advanced practice physiotherapy rights. He also has experience teaching post-professional courses on cervical spine, jaw, and headache disorders. Currently, he is an active member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Manual Physical Therapists (AAOMPT; and is credentialed through the Canadian Academy of Manipulative Physiotherapy (CAMPT; When not busy with these activities, Dr. Shaffer leads a team of contributors for the AAOMPT Podcast (, an interview show that addresses a wide array of topics related to orthopedics, and serves as a peer reviewer for an array of scientific journals.

Course Material included in this course
  • Resources and Webinar Recording
  • Welcome and Slides
  • Migraines
  • Temporomandibular Disorders
  • Referred and Radicular Pain
  • T4 Syndrome
  • Q&A Pt1
  • Q&A Pt2
  • Final Questions
  • What's Next and Suggested Resources
  • Feedback

This course is free for Embodia Members. You can learn more about the membership options available by visiting the Embodia membership pricing page.

Once you have completed the course, a certificate of completion (including learning hours and course information) will be generated. You can download this certificate at any time. To learn more about course certificates on Embodia please visit this guide.

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